Welcome to an illustration of Global Warming.
The Discussions about Global Warming and the Process itself is dividing Mankind. Governments are talking about reduction of CO2 and the result is just relocating the Production into Countries that are not bound to such Agreements. Over All the Will to change is there, but the Capitalism and the avarice for Money and Wealth and the Laziness to stand up and say NO, is just too strong.
The sad thing is, we can't change something by just changing our own lives, by reducing our own consumption. This process has to start Globally. It doesn't mean we have to give away our Wealth or reduce our Energy Consumption. It means we have to choose the right way to produce our Energy. The problem is, not every Energy Production is supporting our Planet, even if we think they are "Green".
There are Technologies out there to change our Future to a better perspective. But we have to understand that we are responsible for the change that is happening.
Facts to Know :
The Humans Energy Consumption :
The Amount of Energy the Sun delivers :
The Earth's Energy Budget by incoming and outgoing Radiation
The Global Cryosphere Watch :
The understanding of Entropy :
Energy density of Materials like Oil, Coal, Uranium etc :
Windpower Amount we extract :
Greenhouse Gases and the Effects they have :
Infrared Spectroscopy to show the the adsorption within Molecular Bonds :
Betz's law and why Windparks are not as "Green" as we think :
The "Albedo" or reflect capability of different Surfaces and Materials :
Relative Humidity as an important Role with the Albedo Effect :
Solar Cells and why they are not as "Green" as we think :
Global Dimming and why clean Air supports Global Warming :
Weather Forecast Tool Ventusky :
We have to understand that it doesnt matter how much Energy the Sun delivers, it only matters what the Ratio of Incoming and Outgoing Energy is, because this is at a stable System = 0_ZERO and every Joule we add from conserved Energy is a +Plus.
The Temperature is relative stable on our Planet and only fluctuates in a very narrow range at about 15°C average Temperature. As you can see on the Image, Nature was conserving some of this Energy over Time, while the average Temperature on our Earth stayed more or less the same, but the Energy Depot increased over those Billion of years. So this is just a Ground School Calculation after all that WE are responsible for the Global Warming we discover over the last few Decades. The Outgoing Energy of Earth doesnt increase just because we releasing the conserved energy into the Atmosphere, because of Enthalpy and Entropy.
A lot of People and scientists say, Earth had a lot of warm and cold ages and it's true, Earth even had experienced warmer periods than now. Earth was once a molten Planet with a toxic Athmosphere not survivable for Human Mankind, but over billions of years it equilibrated to a place were Live could form and Live it self then turned it to a pretty comfortable Habitat for more complex Beeings. In the last few million of years, Earth became what we have now, only because of Live, that filtered the Atmosphere, created the Oxygen and with that the Ozon layer. There were still up and downs in Temperature because of cycles of the Sun and the Orbit of Earth, but Earth never experienced a Species like us before. So when scientists look back on Charts, how Temperature fluctuated, they missing one Important Fact, now it's the first time Earth is experiencing the desease Humanity. So you cant read out of the past, how it will develop in the future because of Humanity.
We also have to understand Entropy, because in this case Entropy plays the role of hidden Energy. Energy we don't recognize, like within a Temperature Difference. In a System where something is cold and something is hot, doesn't mean that the cold one just has less energy than the hot one. To separate Materials into hot and cold you have to pay the Entropy, like an Air Conditioner, to separate 30°C warm air into 20°C cooler and 40°C warmer air you need to pay the Entropy to separate it. If on Earth Energy is lost to space, doesn't mean that just the Energy has left the Planet and cooled one Part down. It also creates a Temperature Difference where we could say the Entropy has been payed, that's why we can extract Energy of a Temperature difference like in "OTEC" or the "Convection Pwer Plant". This also means even when the "average Temperature" of a System is constant, the Energy can be hidden between hot and cold separation.
The Crust of the Earth is an Energy Depot formed by Live with radiation adsorption over millions of years. This Depot was a fully charged Battery until Industrialisation. Normally Vulcanos would release this "inactive Energy" (Energy captured in Chemical Bonds) when the old Crust is melting in the Magma, where Live is forming new inactive Depots in the new Crust that is forming. Like that the Battery stay charged and the Energy Depot in our Atmosphere stays more or less constant. But since the Industrialization we are discharging this Battery releasing the conserved and inactive Energy from the Crust back to the Atmosphere into an active state. But not only that, we also increasing the Atmosphere's capability to capture incoming Radiation and decreasing the Capability of outgoing Radiation Energy. Normally, the Convection of the Atmosphere is accelerating the Energy transfer to Space.
On the other hand, our Green Energy Enthusiasm lead to an enormous Amount of Wind Turbines. Those Turbines are extracting Energy of the Convection Cycle Speed of our Atmosphere, building up a new Entropy Depot, but not only that, they also increasing the Convection Pressure leading to a higher devastating potential of our Atmosphere, and they increasing the Residence Time, giving the Air more time to saturate with Water Vapor and transferring Convection Speed into Saturation "Entropy".
The Problem of the MIT Study is, that for Simulation they only increased Surface Roughness. But a Windfarm is not just increasing Surface Roughness, it is extracting movement Energy from the Air. This Energy is kept as Electrical and then Thermal Energy, that then is converted to Entropy and Enthalpy. But even with just increasing Surface Roughness, already an Impact of Bigger Windfarms is clearly visible.
Most People would say, the Amount of Energy we use is nothing compared to what the Sun delivers, because it's less than 0.1% of the whole Cake.The Problem in the whole Process of Human Energy Production is that we mainly create Entropy within this Process. The Energy we produce is not reflected to Space and stays hidden and mostly is transformed into Enthalpy, conserved within the various Cycles our Planet offers. One of this Cycle is melting Ice, another one is Water Vapor. For Example a common Gasoline Motor is not only producing Acceleration, Heat, CO2 and H2O, it is also producing the Water as Vapor. One Liter of Gasoline is Producing approximately One Liter of Water in form of Vapor, Energy that is unable to directly be transferred as Radiation to Space, this Energy is then conserved in several other Cycles that happens in our lower Atmosphere, until it's condensation to Clouds is releasing the Energy and also accelerate the Convection. The Water Vapor stays in the Atmosphere for several days before it is condensing to Clouds and then Rain. Within this Time the Vapor is an even stronger Greenhouse Gas than the Carbon Dioxide, and Water Vapor is Produced in nearly every Energy production, even in running an Atomic Power Plant. Ironically nearly every Energy Consumption is ending in evaporation of Water too, like Cooking or drying Clothes, even if it is used to just heat something like a home, the warmer Air will transfer the Energy into evaporation Enthalpy. While Clouds would increase the Albedo and would support against Global Warming, we produce so much "dry Heat" in our lower Atmosphere, that Clouds don't form as quick as they would without this "dry Heat", creating a new self propelled Spiral.
The only real Green way to produce Energy is to Support our Atmosphere by using the Fact of Convection and Condensation. Accelerating the Convection with dry warm Air in the Region of 5-10km where we can use the Entropy for Our and our Planet's advantage.
The best and nearly only Way to do this is the "Convection Power Plant"
Those Powerplants would be best located in India, China, USA, Spain, South America and Africa where high Mountains support the Temperature Difference to transfer the "dry" Heat into the higher Atmosphere where the Energy can be reflected way more easy to space because it does not have pass the Water Cycle creating evaporation Enthalpy.
This Effect we all already know. In a clear Night, where the Air is dry and the Stars are bright, the Temperature is always lower. A fresh clear Night. The Wavelenghts of the outgoing Radiation is less adsorbed on its way to Space, from Water Vapor.
The "Convection Power Plant" is just like a controlled outlet Valve for Entropy, with Turbines that filters the Energy back from the Entropy within the delta T, and producing fresh Water at the Heat exchanging Surfaces. Just think BIG !